Tioga Dental & Orthodontics
13005 Southwest 1st Road, Suite 233, Gainesville, FL 32669
Dental or oral hygiene is the practice of brushing and flossing the teeth regularly to keep them and the mouth clean.
People generally have a very cavalier attitude when it comes to brushing teeth on regular basis. For going brushing or flossing because they forgot, or were too tired before they went to sleep is actually quite common. Almost everyone is guilty of doing that. But little do people know, that being careful about their oral hygiene is not only a way to prevent a multitude of dental problems; it’s how one can keep your teeth healthier for a longer period of time.
Research indicates that a lack of adequate dental hygiene can causesevere periodontal or gum diseases. When not removed, plaque which is the deposits of oral bacteria and food particles can collect and build up along your gum line, creating an environment that allows bacteria to foster and grow.
Some of the common gum diseases that occur due to insufficientcleanliness and maintenance of oral hygiene include but are not limited to:
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease, marked by the inflammation of the gingival tissue at the gum line. The condition is common in adults and children both and is characterized by frequent bleeding upon brushing,swollen gum margins and redness of the gums.It is important to take gingivitis seriously and treat it promptly. Gingivitis can lead to much more serious gum disease called periodontitis and tooth loss.
Periodontitis is the prolonged, more aggressive version ofgingivitis where the infection and inflammation is carried forth to affect thebone as well as the other supporting tissues that surround the teeth. Characteristically, there is pocket formation between the gums and the teeth, as well as detachment of the tooth structure from the bone leading to a loosening of the teeth. Periodontitis is common but largely preventable. Periodontitis is usually the result of poor oral hygiene. Brushing at least twice a day, flossing daily and getting regular dental checkups can greatly reduce your chance of developing periodontitis.
Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis, commonly known as ANUG or trench mouth is one of the most severe forms of gum disease whereall the features of gingivitis and periodontitis are exacerbated and are accompanied by ulcerationspresent on the gum sections that lie between two adjacent teeth. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) occurs most frequently in smokers and debilitated patients who are under stress. Other risk factors are poor oral hygiene, nutritional deficiencies, immunodeficiency (eg, HIV/AIDS, use of immunosuppressive drugs), and sleep deprivation. Some patients also have oral candidiasis.
Fortunately for us, unless predisposed by genetic factors, unfavorablelifestyle choices, or underlying medical conditions, gum diseases are generally reversible and treatable. The best dental hygiene practicesto completely avoidgum disease and to maintain perfect gum health include: